Blind Mole Rat | All About Blind Mole Rat |

About Blind Mole Rat

The blind mole rat is a small, burrowing rodent that primarily lives underground. It is known for its unique adaptation of having no eyes, as it spends its entire life in darkness. This species relies on its other senses and is highly resistant to cancer, making it studied for potential benefits in cancer research.


The blind mole rat is a subterranean rodent typically found in parts of East Africa and the Middle East. It belongs to the family Bathyergidae and the order Rodentia. Despite its name, the blind mole rat is not actually blind, but it has small, non-functional eyes. It is known for its adaptations to living underground, including its burrowing abilities and its tolerance to low oxygen levels.

Origin and Evolution

Blind mole rats are burrowing rodents that have adapted to subterranean environments, resulting in the loss of their sight. Originating from ancestral mole rats, they have evolved unique physiological and behavioral adaptations, such as adapted teeth and a highly developed sense of touch, to thrive in underground habitats.

Distribution and Habitat

Blind mole rats are small, burrowing rodents found in regions such as Southeast Europe and the Middle East. They inhabit underground tunnel systems, preferring sandy or loamy soils. These elusive creatures have highly adapted characteristics that enable them to survive in their subterranean habitats.


The blind mole rat behaves mainly in a solitary manner, spending most of its time underground digging extensive tunnel systems. They are adapted to a subterranean lifestyle and have poor eyesight, relying heavily on other senses such as touch and smell.


The diet of the blind mole rat primarily consists of plant roots and tubers. It is an herbivorous mammal that relies on its highly-specialized teeth to dig underground and forage for food.


Blind mole rats reproduce through a unique breeding system called eusociality, similar to that of bees and ants. Only one female queen mates and gives birth to the majority of the colony’s offspring, while other females serve as helpers. This breeding strategy ensures the survival and success of the blind mole rat colonies.

Intelligence and Learning

The blind mole rat possesses remarkable intelligence despite its lack of vision, using its exceptional sense of smell and touch to navigate its underground habitat. It also exhibits impressive learning abilities, as it can memorize intricate tunnel systems and locate food sources efficiently.

Relationship with Humans

The blind mole rat has a relationship with humans that is characterized by curiosity and scientific interest. Studying their unique qualities, such as their longevity and resistance to cancer, has led to potential medical breakthroughs. They offer valuable insights into our own biology and the potential for new treatments.


The culture of blind mole rats involves living in large underground colonies, where they exhibit a highly cooperative and social behavior. They communicate through vocalizations, grooming, and scent marking, and are known for their unique adaptations to living in complete darkness.

Weight: Minimum to Maximum

The blind mole rat has a weight range of 30 to 50 grams. These small rodents are known for their underground lifestyle and adapted features such as tiny eyes and elongated front teeth. Despite their size, these creatures are quite resilient and can survive in harsh environments.

Dimension: Minimum to Maximum

The blind mole rat can range from a maximum height of around 9 centimeters to a minimum height of about 6 centimeters. In terms of width, it can measure up to 4 centimeters at its widest point. The length of this species typically ranges from 11 to 14 centimeters.

Favorite Food

The blind mole rat’s favorite food is plant roots. It uses its keen sense of smell to locate and dig up nutritious roots that sustain its survival.

Recommended Posts



Rabbits are small mammals that belong to the family of Leporidae. They are herbivores and are known for their long ears, powerful hind legs, and twitching noses. Rabbits are social animals and are often kept as pets. They are also widely farmed for their meat and fur. Some popular species of rabbits include the domestic […]


Leave A Comment

Top 10 Rabbit Facts Top 7 Brown Tree Snake Top 10 Black Mamba Facts Top 9 Brown Snake Facts Top 10 Black Rat Snakes Facts
Top 10 Rabbit Facts Top 7 Brown Tree Snake Top 10 Black Mamba Facts Top 9 Brown Snake Facts Top 10 Black Rat Snakes Facts