Naked Mole Rat | All About Naked Mole Rat |

About Naked Mole Rat

The naked mole rat is a small, hairless rodent that lives underground in large colonies. They are the only known eusocial mammal, meaning they have a queen and workers like ants or bees. They can tolerate low oxygen levels, feel no pain from certain stimuli, and are known for their longevity compared to other rodents.


The naked mole rat is an animal belonging to the rodent family (Rodentia).

Origin and Evolution

The naked mole rat is a unique creature that originated in East Africa millions of years ago. Through evolutionary adaptations, it developed a hairless and wrinkled appearance, specialized dental structures, and a highly social colony system, making it an intriguing subject of scientific study.

Distribution and Habitat

The naked mole rat is found in arid regions of East Africa, primarily in Ethiopia, Somalia, and Kenya. They live in underground burrow systems, with specialized roles for reproduction and foraging. They are uniquely adapted to their subterranean habitat, with a high tolerance for low oxygen levels and a lack of pain sensitivity.


Naked mole rats are highly social creatures that live in large underground colonies. They exhibit unique behaviors such as forming strict social hierarchies and cooperative breeding. These rodents are known for their resistance to cancer, low pain sensitivity, and ability to survive in harsh environments.


The diet of naked mole rats consists mainly of underground tubers and roots. They are able to survive on low-oxygen environments and can go without food for long periods of time. They also consume faecal matter from their colony members, which provides them with important nutrients.


The breeding of naked mole rats involves a single breeding female, known as the queen, who mates with a few selected males. The queen gives birth to a litter of about 10-15 pups every 70 days. Other non-breeding mole rats in the colony assist in raising the young.

Intelligence and Learning

Naked mole rats exhibit impressive intelligence and learning abilities. They display complex social behaviors, establish hierarchies, and have comprehensive tunnel systems. Their adaptability to extreme environments and long lifespans contribute to their remarkable cognitive capabilities.

Relationship with Humans

Naked mole rats, while not traditionally thought of as companions, have an interesting relationship with humans. These unique creatures are often studied in laboratories for their remarkable characteristics and potential contributions to medical research, fostering a scientific bond between humans and these small, social mammals.


The culture of naked mole rats is centered around their unique social structure. They live in large underground colonies, led by a queen, where they exhibit cooperative behavior, including communal parenting and division of labor. They communicate through a complex system of vocalizations and use their sharp teeth to establish dominance within the colony.

Weight: Minimum to Maximum

The naked mole rat, a unique mammal found in East Africa, typically weighs between 30 to 40 grams. However, some individuals can reach weights of up to 80 grams, making them slightly larger than average for their species.

Dimension: Minimum to Maximum

The naked mole rat, a fascinating rodent species, typically reaches a maximum length of 13-15 cm, a height of 3-4 cm, and a width of around 5 cm. These dimensions make it one of the smallest and most unique mammals in the world.

Favorite Food

The favorite food of naked mole rats consists mostly of tubers, roots, and bulbs found in their underground tunnels. They also enjoy eating certain insects and their larvae.

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